What are the Elements of Graphic design?

There are 7 elements of Graphic Designing and these elements are discussed below:-


The line is an identifiable path that includes the start point and endpoint. It creates a path that is identified by eyes which are known as a shape start point and endpoint makes an image. The line is mostly used for a wide area of purposes:- Connecting content, stressing a word or phrase, forming patterns, etc. Lines can be patterned, vertical, horizontal, free form, or solid, diagonal, circular. They are used as a roadmap to direct the eye movements of the viewers.


There are basically 3 types of shapes:-

1. Geometric Shape
Circle, square, triangle, etc

2. Natural Shape
Mountains, people, leaves, etc

3. Abstracts
Graphic representation, stylization, icons, etc

They provide volume to the forms in a design. You don’t always have to use similar shapes in your design work; instead of that you can mix them up and put them together making sure that their placement keeps your design balanced. Sometimes a small shape can balance your piece.


People process color in the artwork contingently. Colour is used to define significance, emotions, interest, create graphic unify and branding. To create interest, build appeal, mood and get a message across. In the graphic arsenal color is a powerful tool. The Color Wheel is a great tool for a graphic designer and you will use it repeatedly to create a great piece of artwork.


Texture can be related to a surface of an object, where it is required to create an illusion of a surface that is not either flat or smooth. The use of texture designers can add depth and visual interest to graphic design. It enhances a sense of feel, especially with 2D images. In graphic designing texture can be taken as a form of layers or as a progression of text, shapes, or lines, which can be applied in a form of pattern or through the choice of the printed surface.


In graphic designing Size plays an important role Size is used to grab attention, express the importance, and create a contrast. Designers use this element to attract the viewers typically, a large size of objects or form which attracts the eyeballs inside of an artwork. It also creates an order of dominance. So it is a must to learn about the variation in size to guide the observer's eye to the path you wish to take.


Light or dark areas which we can see in a design is known as value. It is everything darkest black to the brightest as white if some learn every single word of this topic he/she will take it and add enormous depth, emphasis, and contrast to his/her design.

The knowledge of value plays a vital role in the whole process of designing when designers wish to express the movement or bring one element in sharp focus while another movement fades in the background. This brings another level of creativity and attracts the viewer's attention.


Space is the area that surrounds the other elements of designing, it used to separate or group information. Designers must learn to use it effectively to define the importance and lead the eye of the viewer where you want to take it to travel. In design language white space is known as negative space, which can be used to connect, maximize or separate the relationship between elements that make up the design. Space can also be used effectively to provide the illusion of depth or multiple dimensions to the observer.